Aloe (Aloe vera)
Aloe vera is a perennial drought resisting succulent plant. It is found as a wild herb along the coast of south India. It has vast role in Indigenous medicinal system like Ayurveda, sidha and Unani.
These are the three mainly cultivated types of aloe:
Gurguva aloe - Aloe vera (Aloe barbadensis)
Cape aloe - Aloe ferox
Sagotrin aloe - Aloe perryi
Soil and Climate
Well drained laterite to loamy soils with high organic matter content is suited for aloe cultivation. The soil pH must be ranged from 7.0 to 8.5. Commercial cultivation can be done in regions having 25 – 40°C. It grows well in bright sunlight, shady conditions may result in disease incidence. Highly vulnerable to water logged conditions.
Seed and sowing
It is propagated through suckers. The suckers are dipped in 0.1 % Carbendazim [Bengaurd] for five minutes and planted in the field. For planting one acre of land, 4,000 suckers are required.
Planting can be done during two seasons namely June – July and September – October.
Prepare the main field by ploughing and harrowing and 4 to 5 tones /acre of FYM or compost is applied at the time of field preparation. Add 100 - 120 kg of Bio organic manure, Root growth promoter [Keradix root growth promoter] 5 kg/acre. In case of problematic soils with root grubs & termites apply of 5 kg Carbofuran [Furadon]. Field is thoroughly ploughed and beds of suitable sizes are formed. Suckers are planted at 90 x 90 cm spacing.
It is mainly grown as rainfed crop. During summer months 4-5 irrigations are required as protective irrigation.
Incorporate 4 t/acre of FYM during last ploughing. Bio organic manure can be mixed with Biofertilisers’ mixture to make soil rich in beneficial microorganisms.
Time of application N (kg/acre) P (kg/acre) K (kg/acre)
Basal dose 15 30 30
Top dressing 30 days after planting 15 0 0
Note: Fertilisers can be mixed with growth promoters like Keradix F 1 litre for 100 kg of fertilizer for effective utilization of the applied nutrients.
No pest and disease infestation are noticed in aloe. However, under water logged condition, rotting will occur which will be overcome by good drainage practices.
Harvesting can be done 6 – 7 months after planting. Plants are uprooted and processed (gel extraction) within 6 hours after harvest
An average leaf yield of 5 – 6 ton/acre can be obtained
Since Aleo is used for mostly medicine and cosmetics of ayurvedic and homeopathy, those manufacturers can be contacted for the sales of harvest.
For purchase of inputs related to aleo cultivation kindly visit https://www.bighaat.com/products
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